Are you experiencing body pain, weakness or loss of appetite?
Do you have a fluctuating body temperature with a headache?
If yes then, you should consult Dr Ramit Singh Sambyal.
Dr Ramit Singh Sambyal is a renowned and leading best general physician in Vasant Kunj, Delhi, and an Emergency Physician in Delhi with more than seven years of experience. He is an expert in treating several primary to complex medical conditions.
Dr Ramit will discuss the signs and symptoms you have and perform a physical examination. Based on this, he will prescribe medications, and for speedy recovery will give you a few instructions. If your symptoms last for several days, he may order a couple of diagnostic tests for checking the presence of any bacteria.
What is Typhoid fever?
Typhoid is also known as enteric fever, is a potentially fatal multisystemic illness primarily caused by the bacteria Salmonella typhi. The mutable signs of Typhoid make this disease a real diagnostic challenge. The typical symptoms include fever, pain, diffuse abdominal pain, and constipation.
Untreated, typhoid fever is a gruelling illness that may progress to delirium, intestinal bleeding, bowel perforation, and death within one month of onset. Typhoid is usually treatable, but some bacterial strains are becoming more resistant to antibiotics.
Symptoms of Typhoid
- Fever that starts low and rises daily, usually to as high as 103 F or 104 F (39.4oC or 40 oC).
- Headache and loss of appetite.
- Weakness and fatigue.
- Feeling of sickness.
- Experience Diarrhea or severe constipation.
- Rash of small pink spots.
- Life-threatening complications may develop at this time.
Medical and travel history
Your doctor is likely to suspect typhoid based on your symptoms, medical and travel history. But the diagnosis is generally confirmed by detecting Salmonella typhi in a culture of your blood or other fluid or tissue of the body.
Body fluid or tissue culture
For the culture, a sample of your blood, urine, stool, or bone marrow is placed on a particular medium that boosts the growth of bacteria.
The culture is observed under a microscope for the presence of Typhoid bacteria. A bone marrow culture often is the most sensitive test for Salmonella typhi.
Although performing a culture test is the mainstay for diagnosis. In some instances, another testing may be used to confirm a suspected typhoid fever infection, such as a test to detect antibodies to typhoid bacteria in your blood or a test that checks for typhoid DNA in your blood.
The Widal test involves the serum agglutination test to detect typhoid. Patients who have an enteric fever will carry homologous antibodies in the serum. The slide method and the tube method are the two types of Widal test procedures.
If the serum reacts with the respective antigen, agglutination will happen. The Widal test for typhoid is a rapid test diagnostic method, and results are ready on the same day.
Treatment of Typhoid fever offered by Dr Ramit Sambyal
Dr Ramit can treat your Typhoid successfully with a course of antibiotic medication. In most cases, he will suggest you stay at home and continue treatment. But if the condition is severe, you may require hospital admission.
Usually, he recommends hospital admission if you have severe symptoms, such as persistent vomiting, severe diarrhoea, or a swollen stomach. As a precaution, he may admit young children who develop typhoid fever to the hospital.
Dr Ramit may also give you antibiotic injections and fluids and nutrients directly into a vein through an intravenous drip. Most people respond well to Dr Ramit's treatment and improve within three to five days. However, it may take several weeks until you are well enough to leave the hospital.
Causes of Typhoid Fever
- Typhoid is usually spread by water or food, in much a similar way as Cholera. Patients who are infected, excrete live bacteria in their faeces and urine. They are contagious for a few days before any symptoms develop, so they don't know they need to take more precautions.
- If they don't wash their hands properly, the Typhoid bacteria can transfer to another person from food or water. Also, it can spread directly from person to person through contaminated fingers.
- Around 3% of infected people (treated or not) become asymptomatic carriers of Salmonella typhi. It means that they continue to discard bacteria in their faeces for at least a year and sometimes for life but don't develop any symptoms of Typhoid.
- Every country has a small number of Typhoid carriers. Even Canada and the United States record dozens of locally transmitted cases of typhoid each year. However, most patients in these countries are among travellers or people immigrating who are sick when they arrive.
- Book an appointment with Dr Ramit Singh Sambyal and get checked for the presence of any infection at the right time and get the most effective treatment.
Frequently Asked Questions
1 . What should be given in typhoid?
Typhoid foods chiefly comprise High-calorie food: It is recommended to eat a high-calorie diet and consume foods such as boiled potatoes, bananas, boiled rice, pasta, white bread. Small portions of such foods will give some strength and energy to typhoid patients.
2 . Why typhoid happens again and again?
Washing fruit and vegetables can spread it if contaminated water is used. Some people are asymptomatic carriers of typhoid, meaning that they harbour the bacteria but suffer no ill effects. Others continue to harbour the bacteria after their symptoms have gone. Sometimes, the disease can appear again.
3 . How many times typhoid can attack?
Two outbreaks of typhoid fever have recently occurred in the same community within a period of 5 months thus exposing a large number of individuals to the risk of infection on two occasions; several contracted typhoid fever twice.